Smartphones are multi-purpose mobile computing devices. They are different from normal mobile phones. They have stronger hardware and extensive mobile operating systems which facilitate stronger internet, web browsing and even multimedia function. Many of the Microsoft apps also run on a smartphone-like computer. It also has many other functions too like music, cameras, gaming, calendar, support voice/video call, text message, etc. Smartphones include various sensors that work with their software, and support wireless communications protocols such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and GPS navigation. The battery of mobile phones are made of lithium-ion that are rechargeable, and have wireless data services in new smartphones.
In the 2000s the first-time smart mobile phone was launch. After that new phone was launch by many other companies like blackberry, Samsung, Nokia, etc. But with the advancement of time the look, design, sizes, operating system in new phones, touchscreen resistive, multi-touch gestures also change, even the hardware and wireless communications also improved. New smartphones also offer the ability for users to download or purchase additional applications from a centralized store, virtual assistants, cloud storage, synchronization, as well as, mobile payment services. It also boosts the growth of the smartphone industry. In the third quarter of 2012, one billion new phones were in use worldwide.
Central processing unit
The first and most important hardware of mobile phones is CPU central processing unit, similar to those we have in computers, but it operates in low power environments. The performance of mobile CPU depends not only on the clock rate.
The second main characteristic of smartphones is the screen. Depending on the device’s design, the screen fills almost all of the space on new phones. Screen sizes are measured in diagonals
Some of the new features are added to the latest phones like voice over LTE and HD voice to enhance the quality of sound in smartphones but the quality of the cellular network and compression algorithms used in long-distance calls is also a problem in the quality of sound. Mobile phones have small speakers and speakerphones so that a person can talk on the phone without holding it. .Audio quality can be improved using certain devices in smartphones.
Smartphones have a rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Earlier mobile phone battery life was poor due to the weak batteries that could not handle the significant power requirements of the smartphones but now with new technology give an adequate battery life to smartphones. Even wireless charging is also provided in some of the smartphones like Samsung galaxy note 7,nokia6.1, Apple iPhone XS and many other new phones.
A wide range of accessories are sold for smartphones, including cases, screen protectors, power charging cables, wireless power stations, USB adapters (for connecting USB drives and or, in some cases, an HDMI cable to an external monitor), add-on batteries, headphones and Bluetooth enabled powered speakers that enable users to listen to media from their smartphones wirelessly, etc. Accessories are sold by the manufacturer depending upon the quality and cost of accessories of mobile phones
The mobile operating system short form OS is an operating system for the phone. Mobile operating systems combine features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use; usually including most of the essential features in modern mobile systems. Smartphones contain two mobile operating systems – the main user-facing software platform which is supplemented by a second low-level proprietary real-time operating system that operates the radio and other hardware.
Mobile phones app
A mobile phone app is a computer program designed to run on a smartphone with desired features. The term “app” is a short-form of the term of application.
Every smartphone has its own applications like iPhones have Apple’s App Store, play store for Samsung phones etc.these stores are the online distributors for third-party applications, focusing on multiple apps on a single platform. There is a huge variety of apps, including a wide range of games, videos, books, music products, business tools, etc.
Have a look on upcoming smartphone of 2019.